Tuesday, November 23, 2010

Ralph de Palma

Ralph De Palma (Biccari, 19 dicembre 1882South Pasadena, 31 marzo 1956) è stato un pilota automobilistico statunitense.
Fa parte della Automotive Hall of Fame dal 1973 e alla International Motorsports Hall of Fame dal 1991.
Nato a Biccari (Fg) in Italia, emigrò all'età di 10 anni e morì in California a South Pasadena il 31 marzo 1956.
Detiene il record di 2557 vittorie su 2889 gare cui partecipò, come il record mondiale di velocità (241 km/h nel 1919, come la vittoria alla 500 miglia di Indianapolis nel 1915 (considerata negli annali come vittoria di un italiano, pur emigrato) e l'epica partecipazione a quella del 1912, come i grandi duelli con Barney Oldifiel. Ralph De Palma si è, inoltre, misurato per provare la sua velocità, facendo gare anche con gli aeroplani. Fu due volte Campione Nazionale degli USA e una volta campione del Canada.
De Palma fu per milioni di emigrati italiani il primo "eroe dello sport". L'episodio a cui comunque si ritorna alla memoria quando si pensa a questo pilota è quello relativo alla 500 Miglia di Indianapolis del 1912 quando, dopo aver guidato la corsa per 196 giri, a due giri dal termine incorse in un'avaria meccanica alla sua vettura; a questo punto, con l'aiuto del suo meccanico, De Palma spinse a mano l'auto fino alla linea del traguardo nel tentativo di potere in ogni caso essere classificato.

Ralph DePalma (December 18, 1882 – March 31, 1956) was an Italian-American racecar driving champion, most notably winner of the 1915 Indianapolis 500. His entry at the International Motorsports Hall of Fame estimates that he won about 2000 races.[1] DePalma won the 1908, 1909, 1910, and 1911 American AAA national dirt track championships[2] and is credited with winning 24 American Champ car races.[3] He won the Canadian national championship in 1929.[2] DePalma estimated that he had earned $1.5 million by 1934 after racing for 27 years.[2] He is inducted in numerous halls of fame. He competed on boards and dirt road courses and ovals.[3]

Born in Troia, Apulia, Italy, DePalma's family emigrated to the United States in 1893.[1] As a young man he tried bicycle racing with mixed success, but at the age of twenty-two he began racing motorcycles before switching to the automobile dirt track racing circuit in 1909, the year that the American Automobile Association established the national driving championship.
DePalma was immediately successful in car racing. In 1911, DePalma won the first Milwaukee Mile[4] Championship Car race. However, he is still remembered for the dramatic manner in which he lost the 1912 Indianapolis 500. After leading the entire race since the third lap, for some 196 of the 200 laps, his Mercedes cracked a piston and with only 2 laps remaining, he and his mechanic had to push the car across the finish line to take twelfth place.[3] At that time, only cars completing the full 200 laps received any prize money. This Mercedes remains on display at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame Museum. He went on to earn the U.S. national driving championship that year,[1] but was almost killed in an accident at on October 5 at the Milwaukee Mile during the 400-mile Vanderbilt Cup. After being impaled by a corn stalk, he was hospitalized for 11 weeks;[2] he recovered and was back to racing the following spring.
In 1912 and again in 1914, DePalma won the Elgin National Trophy at Elgin, Illinois[2] and in 1914 he scored what he called his greatest victory when he beat Barney Oldfield to capture the Vanderbilt Cup on the roads of Santa Monica, California.[3] He entered the 1914 Indianapolis 500 but was not able to finish the course.
DePalma had been let go by the Mercer Automobile Co. racing team in favor of Barney Oldfield.[1] In a Mercedes "Gray Ghost," he showed he was a master tactician in beating Oldfield's much faster car.[3] He ended 1914 by winning his second U.S. national driving championship.[1] The following year, 1915, he drove to victory at 1915 Indianapolis 500 with a Mercedes 4.5 liter Gp car.
Ralph DePalma was an intense competitor but one of the most popular racers with his fellow drivers and the fans because of his good sportsmanship, a quality he displayed on and off the track. In June 1917 he lost to Barney Oldfield in a series of 10 to 25 mile match races at the Milwaukee Mile. On February 12, 1919 at Daytona Beach, Florida, he drove a Packard to a world speed record of 149.875 mph (241.200 km/h) over a measured mile (1.6 km).[3] International competition began following the adoption of the three liter engine limit in the U.S. and Europe in 1920. DePalma began the year driving for the French manufacturer, Ballot. His Ballot vehicle won the pole position for the 1920 Indy race[5] and he led for many laps[5] but bad luck dogged him in the race (faulty bearings on the Ballot) and he did not finish[5]. Then in 1921 DePalma traveled with other Americans to Le Mans to compete in the French Grand Prix. There, he finished second to the Duesenberg driven by fellow American, Jimmy Murphy. DePalma won the Canadian national championship in 1929.[3]
DePalma later competed in stock cars until he retired from racing in 1936.[1] In his career, he competed in 2,889 races in America and Europe and won 2,557, according to his Associated Press obituary that appeared in the Detroit Free Press on April 1, 1956.[2] He was an honorary referee for the Indianapolis 500, the last time in 1954.[3]

He died at his home in South Pasadena, California from cancer in 1956.[2][6] He was interred in the Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City, California.

Indy 500 results

Year Car Start Qual Rank Finish Laps Led Retired
1911 2 2 12 6 200 4 Running
1912 4 4 86.020 5 11 198 196 Rod
1913 21 12 76.300 24 23 15 0 Bearing
1915 2 2 98.580 2 1 200 132 Running
1919 4 4 98.200 10 6 200 93 Running
1920 2 1 99.150 1 5 200 79 Running
1921 4 1 100.750 1 12 112 108 Rod
1922 17 3 99.550 3 4 200 0 Running
1923 2 11 100.420 5 15 69 0 Head gasket
1925 8 18 108.607 6 7 200 0 Running

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